My hand-cranked 20er (20 notes on the paper roll) organ is based on the John Smith "Senior 20" design.

It is built from scratch, mostly from wood. It has bellows to supply the air.

It is "keyless," and uses paper rolls to generate the music.

Discussions of the John Smith designs and building suggestions can be found on Mel Wright's web pages at

Mel Wright also runs a discussion group on small organs which has even more organ building information. See the Busker Organ Forum This is the place to discuss anything about Hand-Turned Organs, Busker Organs (Monkey Organs) and their music. Other types of Mechanical Organ are also included.

The plans themselves may be ordered from the John Smith website.